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1.1 Background of Study
In teaching and learning process, the teachers often trapped merely in applying contents based on language instruction to reach the target curriculum in respective semester. It has been common that almost all of English teachers are confused to teach reading to student. Therefore, English teachers usually make their students bored. Most of them try to do the assignment by copying the answer from their friends.
In relation to reading, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional (DEPDIKNAS 2004) clearly states in the curriculum of KTSP for SMP which still adopts Competency- Based curriculum of 2004 that the reading should take place during the teaching and learning process. This stipulation is translated from KTSP (2004:32) statements as follow, “The teachers are highly demanded to develop students’ ability in creating communicative skills. It is intended that in the long run the students are able to prepare themselves to participate in their future social life at profession”.
In the syllabus of the second class in the highly Junior High School, the students are expected to be able to read the text clearly, know the meaning of the text, and find information from the text. In this case, reading becomes one of important activity in learning a language, the students obtain a lot of meaningful information on many things through reading. Revers (1981:259) perceives that reading is important activity in any language class; it can be a source of information and pleasurable activity, and also as a means of consolidating and extending one’s knowledge.
Direct method or the direct model is a way of teaching foreign language in which the teacher directly using the foreign language as the language of instruction, and without using any language of their students in teaching. If there is a word that is difficult to understand by students, the teacher would be interpreted by using props, demonstration, describe, and others.
This method rests of the understanding that the teaching of foreign language is not the same as the exact sciences. If you teach science, students are required to memorize certain formulas, think, and remember, it is in language teaching, the students direct trained to practice saying the words or specific phrases. Even if the words or phrase at first unfamiliar and not understood the students, but just a few words and the sentence will be pronounced and may also interpret it. Similarly, if we look at a mother teaches her children wet directly with teaching him, led him to say it word for word, sentence by sentence and his son complied although still funny. For example, she taught “Dad” the boy said “Aah”. But over time the child to recognize words, and finally he understood also the point.
In principle, the direct method is the primary foreign language teaching, because through this method can directly train students without using the language skills of the mother tongue (language environment). Although at first seem difficult to practice by students, but it is attractive to students.
The characteristics of this method are:
- The subject matter is first given word by word, and sentence structure
- Grammar is taught only in passing, and students are not required to memorize the formulas grammar, but the students are able to pronounce a good language.
- In the teaching process is always using the tool (props) props either directly, indirectly and show through symbols or certain movements
- Once inside the classroom, students or students truly are conditioned to accept and converse in a foreign language, and are prohibited from using other languages.
In line with the above statement, the writer intends to conduct a research in teaching reading skill to improve the students’ reading ability through Direct Method. Direct method will enable learners to engage in wider reading of good works for enjoyment and for self developments (Darsen, 1989; 23). They will also develop an understanding of other societies, cultures, values and traditions that will contribute to their emotional and spiritual growth. The writer conducted an experimental teaching at SMPN18 Banda Aceh. The research of experimental teaching will be reported in this thesis under the title “Increasing Students’ Reading Ability through Direct Method”.
1.2 The Research Problem
According to the previous background, the researcher conducted the research on teaching reading method to increase students’ reading ability through direct method. Therefore, the problem on this study is:
-Do the students who are taught reading by using direct method get the higher score than those who are taught reading without using direct method?
1.3 The Hypothesis of the Study
Based on the above problem, the following hypothesis are formulates:
The students who are taught reading by using direct method get the higher score than the students who are taught without using direct method.
1.4 The Objective of Study
This study is intended to find out whether the students who are taught reading by using direct method get higher score than students who are taught reading without using direct method.
1.5 The Scope of the Study
A limitation for the scope of study is required in order to enable the researcher to analyze and discus the problems related to the topic. In this research the writer concerns on the increasing reading skill through Direct Method at second year students of SMPN 18 Banda Aceh.
1.6 The Population and Sample
The population of this study is all of second year students of SMP 18 Banda Aceh. The sample is part of population and it must be representative (Borg, 1998). Since the number of population so small that it should be taken as sample. When the sample so small it is named data sources (Sparetly: 2002). And the samples in this study are students class XII A and XII B amounts 40 students.
1.7 The Significance of Study
The writer expects the results of this study will be useful for the English teacher of SMP N 18 Banda Aceh to increase and select the best method and strategy which are suitable for the students in increasing students’ reading ability. For the students of SMP N 18 Banda Aceh, the writer expects that they are encouraged to study English to increase of their ability in reading skill. To the other researcher, this thesis may provide information about teaching reading strategy.
1.8 The Organization of Study
This study is divided into five chapters. Chapter one is introduction which includes the background of study, research question, hypothesis of the study, the objective of study, the Scope of study, the significance of study and the organization of study. Chapter two deal with the review of literature. Chapter three is research methodology, including location ad situation of the field research, the population and sample and the technique of data analysis. Chapter four consists of the results test, and chapter five consists of the conclusion and suggestion.