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The Steps To Write An Effective Research Proposals

Proposal’ is a loan word from the English language, which means, in the context of this paper, ‘proposal’. In the context of the student, the author of the proposal put forward proposals to the Head of Department or Faculty to conduct scientific research in the context of the writing, thesis or dissertation. In the context of research proposals submitted to the sponsoring institution, the author of the proposal submitted to the leadership of the agency’s proposal to obtain funding for scientific research he would do.

As an application for approval (or funding) role is very important proposal. It is a representation of yourself to convince the reader (assessor) proposal that you have a brilliant idea, a project which is very useful for society or for the development of knowledge that needs to be approved or be given the funds. Your success obtained approval or funding for such research is very dependent on the effectiveness of the proposal you write.

One common mistake that is often made by the authors of the proposals is that they do not devote much time and attention on writing proposals when, as described above, this is a document that most determine the fate of the proposed research. The assessment team will only read your proposal to determine whether your proposal will be approved or rejected. The quality of your proposed research will be assessed based on what you wrote in your proposal. Proposals were written in haste and without careful thought most likely be rejected by the assessment team because, according to the team, the proposed research will not be able to produce research findings that quality or useful and will only be a waste of energy alone.

Thesis, thesis or dissertation is essentially a research report done by the students to obtain a degree. Thesis writing this is one difference between a degree program (academic track) and diploma (vocational pathway or profession). Thesis writing, thesis or dissertation required to prove that the prospective graduate student in question has been able to apply a scientific approach in solving problems. Thus, proposals for thesis writing (thesis or dissertation) is essentially a proposal to conduct scientific research that ends in the form of the writing (thesis or dissertation).

Because you are proposing is a research activity then, before you write a research proposal, you have to understand really what is meant by the study. Fahaman or lack of understanding of the concept of research you will be easily viewable by the assessment team in the proposal that you wrote.

Research, according to Donald Ary dkki, is ‘adoption of a scientific approach to the study of a problem’. Research is a way to obtain useful information and accountable. The research objective was to find answers to important issues, through the application of scientific procedures. Therefore, research, first and foremost, must be scientifically and implemented in accordance with scientific principles that have been agreed in general.

As a process, studies have characterized as follows:

  1. The study was triggered by a question in the minds of researchers. Questions such as “why is this?”, “What is causing this?”, “What does this mean?” Is a question that often arises in the minds of researchers in their efforts to understand the world. Questions like that are generally triggered an investigation.
  1. Research requires the identification of a question or problem, which should be formulated in a language that is clear and unambiguous.
  1. Research should be systematic. All research efforts should be directed to achieve the research objectives. Do not assume that by gathering data / information alone will enable researchers to find something that can provide answers to a question or solve a research problem.
  1. The study is based on experience or empirical data observed and carefully formulated. Facts, experience, etc. Just still no meaning. New facts or the experience becomes important when it is observed, described and interpreted.
  1. A methodology that can be accounted required to observe, collect, process, and interpret data.
  1. The study requires expertise and objectivity in the hand of researchers.
  1. Research requires accurate reporting by researcher

The quality of research is determined by several indicators, among others:

  • a good research question (essential and useful for solving problems in the community or for the development of science)
  • The research design according to the research questions that will be answered
  • The method solid (valid and reliable) and can be implemented (feasible)
  • Researchers are competent

Quality of research such as that sought by the assessment team and information for the assessment was based on what you wrote in the proposal that you submitted. Therefore, you must prepare your research proposal writing carefully so as to convince the assessment team that your proposal, if approved, will produce high-quality research.

The quality of a research proposal is usually measured by the following indicators:

  • Titles are interesting and informative
  • Abstract reflecting the content of the proposal and convincing;
  • The research question is clear
  • Background and justification of academic research and relevant
  • The results of previous relevant research
  • Population and corresponding sample
  • Methods of measurement and appropriate interventions
  • Quality control research
  • The amount of sample that is sufficient
  • Plan a mature analysis
  • Handling is good research ethics issues
  • realistic implementation schedule
  • Budgets are tight (for the submission of research funds).

The quality of proposals is also seen from the physical form, among other things:

  • The exposure of an organized neat, clear, and concise-solid
  • The existence of a table of contents and the help of subtitles
  • The existence of a clear tables and charts
  • Tidiness, cleanliness and lack typographical errors

The format of the physical form must be addressed to facilitate the readers (proposal evaluator) understand Your proposal and immediately find what they want to know.

Translate by Bing translator. That’s all and thanks


Add a Comment
  1. Proposals important to learn especially for business I hope to learn as a blogger should know

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      that's right brother, besides that , proposal can be used in general, such as the research proposal and so on πŸ™‚

    2. Cilembu thea

      emang bener banget bahwa step by step dalam penyusunan Proposal haruslah nehnik, agar proposalnya di Acc dan cair deh

    3. Muhammad Mukhlis

      betul mas, kalo cair jangan lupa bagi bagi mas ea πŸ™‚ wkwkwkw

  2. Muhammad Irsyad

    tidak ngerti bahasanya :S

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      hehe, dingertiin aja mas, πŸ™‚

  3. Faby Fahrizal

    wah manteps πŸ˜€

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      memang mantep mas πŸ™‚ hehe

  4. hebat euy artikelnya sudah berbahasa inggris πŸ˜€

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      emm, ga mas hendri, campur aduk dikit dikit mas, Hehe

    2. hehe, gapapa mas, blogger juga harus ada lah yang fasih berbahasa inggris ya, karena blogger itu harus pintar juga mas, ya meskipun saya belum bisa menyuguhkan artikel bahasa inggris.hehe

    3. Muhammad Mukhlis

      tul betul betul mas hendri, makasih mas atas support nya πŸ™‚

    4. sama-sama mas, sukses selalu ya πŸ™‚

    5. Muhammad Mukhlis

      siips mas hendri πŸ™‚

  5. yanto cungkup

    berarti kalau ingin membuat proposal penelitian yg berkualitas tinggi kudu mengikuti tips2 yang tertuang dalam artikel ini yamas

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      turut mas, wkwkwk, syaratnya banyak kali mas, sesuai dengan instansi masing masing x mas, ane ngikuti tahapan kampus ane aja mas, dan tidak mesti mgikuti tips ini, tp disini bisa jadi satu syaratnya mas, πŸ™‚ ora umum mas πŸ™‚ eheum

    2. mas yanto ngerti sama artikel bahasa inggrisnya? πŸ˜€

    3. Muhammad Mukhlis

      mas yantonya pada kabur mas, minum ngopinya ngak bayar :0 hiks hiks

    4. keliatan anak buah google translet dia.hahaha
      mang yanto mah gitu orangnya udah ngopi ga bayar kebiasaan deh..

    5. Muhammad Mukhlis

      haha, nya gede gede ngomongnya mas, didengar mas yanto nantik , kabuuurrr

  6. Kips Bandung

    Kalau ulasan dengan Bahasa Internasional saya turut menyimak saja ya. Takutnya kurang kena sasaran, maklum gak begitu fasih πŸ˜€

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      hehe, ga apa mas, dikit dikit ga nyambung ndak apa apa mas, namanya kita semua lagi belajar juga mas πŸ™‚

  7. Sonny Ogawa

    Mau bertanya nich mas..

    Apakah dalam menyusun proposal penelitian, seorang peneliti di haruskan memiliki kemampuan berbahasa, metodologi dan materi ilmu mas?

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      tentu mas, ketiga poin tersebut saling berkaitan mas, kemampuan berbahas pasti dan Penelitian dipicu oleh suatu pertanyaan dalam benak peneliti. contohnya Pertanyaan-pertanyaan seperti β€œmengapa begini?”, β€œapa yang menyebabkan ini?”, β€œapa artinya ini?” metode yang dilakukan saat membuat rumusan masalah bahkan materi ilmu sudah tidak bisa dipisahkan mas, Suatu metodologi yang dapat dipertanggungjawabkan diperlukan untuk mengamati, mengumpulkan, memproses, dan menafsirkan data. sekian mas, semoga yang kurang pas bisa mas tambahin wasalam πŸ™‚

    2. Sonny Ogawa

      Terimakasih atas penjelasannya..

    3. Muhammad Mukhlis

      bayar seribu mas:) wkwkwk

    4. Sonny Ogawa

      Ngutang dulu mas..haha

    5. Muhammad Mukhlis

      hri ini bayarnya, besok baru ngutang πŸ˜‰ hiks hiks

  8. Hmmm, begitu yah mas *sambil angguk-angguk gak ngerti

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      iya begini mbak chisana πŸ™‚ hampa mbak

  9. Irwin Andriyanto

    ini pake bing translator,,, kira kira dari semua penyedia layanan translate,, lebih unggul mana?

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      emm ia mas irwin, kalo dinilai unggul saya kurang paham juga mas, karena rata rata pada posting saya artikel sudah jadi peninggalan saya kulyah dulu, ada bahasa indonesia dan bahasa inggris seperti skripsi, rata rata artkel dalam bahasa indonesianya sy translate pake bing mas, namun google translate tak kalah juga, sy banding bandingkan mana yang lebih nyambung mas, karena penyediaan situs translate cukup bnyak ya sekarang, saya biasa pake dua bing sama google mas πŸ™‚

  10. Abah Template

    I really liked your article .. thank you for sharing

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      Alhamdulillah abah, thanks a lot and good luck abah πŸ™‚

  11. bukannya saya ga mau baca artikelnya mas. takut salah paham saya mas. πŸ˜€
    bahasa ingris ya

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      hehe. slah kah aku, memilih dya; popy wkwkw. yoi mas des, slm sukses aja mas πŸ™‚

  12. wah hebat banget artikel bahasa inggris, kalau saya baca juga ga bisa apalagi faham.. moga tambah sukses aja ya..

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      hehe, ga mbak macem biasa aja mbak santika, terimakasih mbak salam sukses kembali πŸ™‚

  13. Debe dilacious

    I think your post is awesome. Sometimes I also want to make a proposal in order to some bussiness or otherelse. It is not as easy as we thought. Learn and practice from this article more information I got. You did it πŸ™‚

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      Thank you very much miss, hopefully this article can help, even though a little, but it can be a blessing, dont forget to say good luck sister πŸ™‚

  14. ji Gu

    thank you for information…

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      you're welcome ji gu, success for you, πŸ™‚

  15. aank pudin

    harus translate dulu nih,,,, keren mas arikel inglis

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