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The Utilization Of Communicative Language Teaching In Teaching Speaking Skill For Senior High School Student

Wah lagi lagi masalah Skripsi ni di postingan, kenapa sih skripsi muluu? timbul seperti ada desahan di telinga saya, dan akhirnya terjawab oleh benak pikiran saya, iya ndak papa, posting aja, ilmu itu harus disampaikan kepada orang lain, meskipun itu sedikit, ketika orang lain melihat dan bisa jadi manfaat, akan menjadi berkah. Yaya seperti yang dipaparkan oleh wali band “hidup indah bila mencari berkah”. Hik hik hik

Oya sahabat seperti biasa berikut Skripsi yang berjudul “The Utilization Of Communicative Language Teaching In Teaching Speaking Skill For Senior High School Student” A Collaborative Classroom Action Research to the Second Year Students of SMA S Nurul Islam).

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1. Background of the Study

Language learning is important for human’s social development. As a language which is used by more than a half of population in the world, English holds the key as international language. English is a tool of communication among peoples of the world to get trade, social-cultural, science, and technology goals. Moreover, English competence is important in career development, therefore students need to understand and use English to improve their confidence to face global competition. Learning a language means learning to use that language to communicate both in oral form (listening and speaking) and written form (reading and writing). Learning a language particularly learning English, involves four basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. They are called language skills. Beside the language skills, English has some aspects which can be taught to the students

Those aspects are vocabulary, pronunciation, and grammar. They are called language aspects. In order to learn English well, both the language skills and language aspects are interrelated each other. While we are all aware of the status that English currently enjoys as a world language, an international system of communication. So, learning English language it mean learning how to talk the people in English. Learning to talk the people the student have to learn speaking. Student must develop their speaking skill. The fact shows that the result of teaching learning English especially for speaking is still low. The students have learned English from the first-grade of Junior High School until Senior High School, but most of them still cannot use English as tool of communication.

In SMAS Nurul Islam there are many student can not speak English well, actually they have learn vocabulary long time agoe before they have been in Junior Hight School. In the Boarding School all of student have to speak in English or Arabic as dailly language. When the researcher approached some student in the school and asked about English speaking they still got difficult when to talk to each other, still shy to speak and express the words. They have memorized many English word but difficult to talk even have many student cannot speak English.

These failures are influenced by many factors of the student education especially for English. It happens because of the education system at school just transfer the knowledge without using some method where the knowledge is separated from the application. Teachers teach materials that will be tested. The goal is that the students get good score in the final test, not for teaching untill student able to master English skill or can speak each other. They are not interested in learning English including to speak. Actually, in learning English, the students must get enjoyable class atmosphere, but the reality is on the contrary. So, based on the problems that happened in teaching learning process, especially in teaching speaking, the researcher implement the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) method as one of solutions in teaching and learning process of English speaking to help students efficiently.

Because the problems that the researcher have an idea to apply the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) method to the English teacher at SMA S Nurul Islam to the second year student, it is the ways to improve the students’ speaking skill. CLT is communicative competence and its emphasis is on communication, several theorists and teachers state that CLT does not involve teaching grammar at all. Communicative Competence. Communicative language teaching enables learners to acquire a language by focusing on the development of communicative competence. To do this, communicative language teachers use materials that focus on the language needed to express and understand different kinds of functions. (Examples include asking for things, describing people, expressing likes and dislikes and telling time.)

Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) teachers also emphasize the processes of communication – for example, using language appropriately in different types of social situations. They encourage students to use their second language to perform different kinds of tasks, like solving puzzles and getting information. They also stress using language to interact with other people.

Based on the background, researcher interested in coducting an action research, with the title “The Utilization of Communicative Language Teaching in Teaching Speaking Skill For Senior High School Student (A Collaborative Classroom Action Research to the Second Year Students of SMA S Nurul Islam)”.

 

2. Identification of the Problem

Based on the background above, the researcher can identify the problems of the research. The problems are as follows:

  1. The student can not speak English well.
  2. The teacher does not mastery some techniques until they cannot use it in teaching learning process.
  3. The facility to support teaching learning process is still lack and not provided in the school.
  4. Problem of the Research

Based on the background above, the problem of this research question can be mentioned:

  1. How can Communicative Language Teaching improve students’ Speaking Skill For Senior High School Student?
  2. How is the class condition when the teacher use of Communicative Language Teaching in Teaching Speaking Skill For Senior High School Student?

 

3. Objective of the Research

Based on the research problem mentioned above. The objective of the research are:

  1. To know how can Communicative Language Teaching improve students’ Speaking Skill For Senior High School Student.
  2. To investigate the class atmosphere when the teacher use of Communicative Language Teaching in Teaching Speaking Skill For Senior High School Student.

4. Scope of the Research

This current research is only limited to teaching speaking at the second Year Students of SMA Nurul Islam. Thus, teacher utilize of Communicative Language Teaching in Teaching Speaking Skill for second class of Senior High School Student. The research will be done in two cycles, each cycles consiste of three meeting. In teaching speaking, teacher ask the student to explain something with their own words. The teacher apply some picture to the student, then the teacher ask the student to describe it. The material give by teacher based on “Asking and Giving Opinion”. In teaching speaking the researcher choose partially interactive speaking as type of speaking. Some speaking situations are partially interactive, such as when giving a speech to a live audience.

 

5. Significance of the Research

The researcher hopes this research have some significances in the study of teaching learning process. The results of this research can be useful in theoretically and practically

  1. Theoretically

Theoretically this research is hoped to give a contribution for the theory of the utilization of Communicative Language Teaching in Teaching Speaking Skill For the second year of Senior High School Student.

  1. Practically

The result of the research can be used as input of teaching learning process in Senior High School especially in teaching Speaking and can be used as one of the reference for those who want to conduct a research in teaching learning process.

 

6. Operational Definition

To make this thesis title is clearer, the writer gives some definition of term:

  1. Speaking

“Speaking” is derived from “Speak” the suffix “ing” makes it as gerund. Speak is to use a certain language. Speaking is an interactive process of constructing meaning that involves producing and receiving and processing information. Speaking means expressing our ideas in language we learn in oral communication. Thus, speaking is an activity involving two or more people in sending and receiving the information.

2.Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)

Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is an approach to teaching of second and foreign languages that emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning a language. It referred to as communicative approach to the teaching of foreign language or simply the communicative approach.

Sekian semoga bisa bermanfaat. Wassalam

32 Comments

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  1. 😀
    saya kurang ngerti bahasa inggris mas.hhahahhaa
    kayanya kudu ditranslet dulu ini mah 😀

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      hehe, iya mas, ndak papa mas, asalkan ngerti ngerti dikit oke mas hendri, terimakasih baanyak mas, 🙂 sukses mas

    2. Ifrod Maksum

      itu masih mending mas, kurang ngerti. La ini gak bisa baca juga, gimana mau ngerti. heuheu saya banget!!!

    3. Muhammad Mukhlis

      haha, di ngerti ngertiin aja mbak mas, 🙂

  2. Defa Ramadhani

    sekarang lagi jamanan skripsi ya, temen ku juga banyak yang nyari di internet

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      hehe, iya mbak defa, rata rata mahasiswa ketika akan ajukan judul proposal skripsi, mereka akan berusaha cari salah satunya internet, pustaka, gunanya demi kesuksesan didalam penentuan akhir kulyah:)

  3. Irwin Andriyanto

    sedih banget saya gak ngerti bahasanya 🙁

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      sedih kenapa mas, hayoo, orang biasanya sedih belum ada istri, haha
      seperti saya ne mas, belum punya istri, sedih mas, tapi ndak papa mas, karena kita masih muda ya 🙂

  4. Buat yang bahasa inggrisnya kurang lancar seperti saya bacanya harus alon alon mas

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      ah masak mas sugi, hehe 🙂

  5. Kips Bandung

    Setuju sekali, meski sedikit ilmu itu wajib disampaikan "sampaikanlah ilmu meski satu ayat"
    Untuk ulasannya coba dalam Bahasa Indonesianya, maklum penguasaan Bahasa Inggrisnya masih kurang euy hehe..

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      betul mas, setuju banget itu mas KB, "sampaikanlah ilmu meski satu ayat" semoga walaupun sedikit atau satu ayat bisa menjadi hikmahnya jika kita mau beramal. 🙂 lanjutkan mas

    2. yanto cungkup

      apa???
      jadi mas kips nggak fasih bahasa inggris?
      sama dong 😀

    3. Muhammad Mukhlis

      hahaha, ngopi ngopi ngopi 🙂

  6. alfatheta

    mantap sekali

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      kali mantap mas, hehe, thank alot mas atau mbak alfhatheta 🙂 sukses buat anda

  7. Berbabg itu lewat apa saja juga bisa, dan yang terpenting ada manfaatnya untuk orang lain ya mas. he,, he, he,

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      betul mas indra, yang penti apa yang kita lakukan, bisa bermanfaat bagi sesama, begitu juga sebaliknya, thanks mas, 🙂

  8. yanto cungkup

    nah point utamanya pada paragraf pertama mas.
    yg penting niat berbagi agar mendapat berkah.
    karena skripsi seperti ini pasti banyak dicari

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      betul mas yanto, niat yang baik akan mendapat balasan yang baik, iklas modal utama, thanks mas, 🙂

  9. Salamun Alfarisy

    Wah benar-benar bagus bahasa inggrisnya mas Muhammad Muklis, dari penelitian indikator, identifikasi dan objek masalahnya dibahas lengkap. Semoga sukses selalu mas Muhammad Muklis.

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      hehe, iya mas salamun, terimakasih banyak mas, dan sukses selalu 🙂

  10. Sonny Ogawa

    Sepertinya ini bagus untuk di jadikan referensi, kebetulan saudara lagi nyari..:-)

    Makasih mas udah berbagi ilmu, semoga sukses selalu. Amin

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      terimaksih mas ogawa, semoga bisa menjadi bahan referensi mas, dan sukses buat mas:)

    2. Sonny Ogawa

      Sama-sama mas

  11. saya sebenarnya kurang ngerti bahasa artiekel di atas , yang jelas semoga yg di ingikan admin mudah-mudahan akan segera tercapai

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      thanks brother, succes for you 🙂

  12. Boleh nich mas….belajar bahasa inggris sama masnya….

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      haha, iya mas wahab, dengan senang hati 🙂

  13. Bundi Akh

    balajar bahasa inggris disini bagus nih. mampu g ya aku nih

    1. Muhammad Mukhlis

      dijamin bagus mas, asal ada keyakinan ya alhamdullilah mampu mas 🙂 tks mas budi

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